TEKNIK POLYA DALAM PENYELESAIAN MASALAH GEOMETRI

Rahma Wahyu

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the steps for solving mathematical problems by students' understanding of the geometric material in story problems based on the Polya technique. This research was conducted in one of the Islamic elementary schools in Batu City on six students in grade 6. The approach taken is to use a descriptive qualitative approach. The research was carried out using triangulation methods, namely observing the problem-solving process, interviews, and reviewing documents (students' work). Interviews in this study were conducted with several students, namely two high ability people, two low ability people, and two medium ability people. The analysis was carried out by concluding the data obtained based on the observations that have been made. The study results showed that the Polya technique showed different results on the results of solving the problems of each category of students in solving story problems about the area of squares and rectangles. Based on these results, it can be seen that students' understanding of the geometry material on the story problem.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdussakir. (2010). Pembelajaran Geometri sesuai Teori Van Hiele. El-Hikmah. Jurnal Kependidikan dan Keagamaan, Vol. VII No. 2, ISSN 1693-1499.

Adolphus, T. (2011). Problems of Teaching and Learning of Geometry in Secondary Schools in Rivers State Nigeria. International Journal of Emerging Sciences. Vol. 1 No. 2

Afgani, D. J. (2011). Analisis Kurikulum Matematika, Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.

Baharudin dan Wahyuni, E N. (2008). Teori Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: AR-Ruz Media.

Dewiyani. (2008). Mengajarkan Pemecahan Masalah dengan Menggunakan Langkah Polya. Jurnal Pendidikan. Vol 12 No. 8

In’am, A. (2014). The Implementation of the Polya Method in Solving Euclidean Geometry Problems. International Education Studies; Vol. 7, No. 7. ISSN 1913-9020 E-ISSN 1913-9039

Moleong, L. (2012). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Roasdakarya

NCTM. (2010). Why is Teaching with Problem Solving Important to Student Learning? Research Brief Posted on April 8, 2010.

Nurlatifah, dkk. (2013). Mengembangkan Kemampuan Penalaran Spasial Siswa Smp Pada Konsep Volume dan Luas Permukaan Dengan Pendekatan Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia. Prosiding Penguatan Peran Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika untuk Indonesia yang Lebih Baik. UNY ISBN : 978–979–16353–9–4

Olabode, O & Ominiyi, O. (2013). Assessing the Relative Effectiveness of Three Teaching Methods in the Measurement of Students’ Performance in Physics. International Journal of Materials, Methods and Technologies Vol. 1, No. 8. PP: 116-125, ISSN: 2327-0322

Pa’is. (2010). Peningkatan Penguasaan Konsep Volume Bangun Ruang Dengan Metode Penemuan Terbimbing Berkelompok di MTs. Darussa’adah Gubugklakah Kec. Poncokusumo Kab. Malang. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.Vol. 1 No. 1

Passmore. (2007). Polya’s legacy: Fully forgotten or getting a new perspective in theory and practice?. Australian Senior Mathematics Journal Vol 21 No. 2 University of Southern Queensland

Pintér, K. (2012). On Teaching Mathematical Problem-Solving and Problem Posing. PhD Thesis. University of Szeged Faculty of Science and Informatics Bolyai Institute, Szeged.

Pourhosein, Abbas G. (2012). A Match or Mismatch Between Learning Styles of the Learners and Teaching Styles of the Teachers Journal Modern Education and Computer Science. Vol. 11 No. 5

Purnomo, D. (2010). Memahamkan Konsep Matematika Siswa Melalui Pembelajaran Konstruktivis Sebagai Aternatif Perubahan. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.Vol. 1 No. 1

Putrayasa, IB. (2012). Implementasi Problem Solving Model Polya untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas VII A SMP Negeri 5 Dolo dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Persegipanjang. FKIP Universitas Tadulako.

Safrina, K., dkk. (2014). Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Geometri melalui Pembelajaran Kooperatif Berbasis Teori Van Hiele. Jurnal Didaktik Matematika Vol. 1, No. 1

Sudarman. (2010). Proses Berpikir Siswa SMP Berdasarkan Adversity Quotient (AQ) dalam Menyelesaikan Masalah Matematika. Surabaya: Universitas Negeri Surabaya.

Sugiyono, (2012). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: CV Alpabeta

Sukayasa. (2012). Pengembangan Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Fase-Fase Polya untuk Meningkatkan Kompetensi Penalaran Siswa SMP dalam Memecahkan Masalah Matematika. Jurnal Aksioma. Vol 1 No. 48

Thoifuri. (2007). Menjadi Pendidik Inisiator. Semarang: Rasail Media Group.

Tyas, D, A & Wahyu, R. (2015). Implementasi Teknik Polya dalam Penyelesaian Masalah Matematika pada Soal Cerita Bangun Datar. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Matematika ke-3 (SeNdiMat III) Tahun 2015.

Uno, H, B. (2006). Model Pembelajaran. Jakarta : Bumi Aksara.

Widya, F. dan Nur, M. (2012). Implementasi Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Think Pair Share Untuk Meningkatkan Aktivitas Belajar Akuntansi Siswa Kelas XI IPS 1 SMA Negeri 2 Wonosari Tahun Ajaran 2011/2012. Jurnal Pendidikan Akuntansi Indonesia, Vol. 10, No. 2

Worowirastri, D. (2010). Alternatif Media Pembelajaran Geometri Analitik Pada Mahasiswa Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.Vol. 1 No. 1

Yuan, S. (2013). Incorporating Polya's Problem Solving Method in Remedial Math. Journal of Humanistic Mathematics Vol 3, No 1, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36513/sigma.v6i2.1001

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Cek Pengunjung

Indexed by:

  

Published by Prodi Pendidikan Matematika FKIP Universitas Madura
Jl. Raya Panglegur Km 3,5 Pamekasan
Phone: (0324) 322231
website: http://http://ejournal.unira.ac.id/index.php/jurnal_sigma/index

Email: math@unira.ac.id 

Creative Commons License
SIGMA by Universitas Madura is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.